The answer is simple: because two reinforcing feedback loops operate here. A familiar name for the reinforcing feedback loops is virtuous circles. As you’ll see below, these two circles operate at the opposite ends of one continuum, thus in this sense one of the feedback loops / circles will be perceived as virtuous and the other as vicious. But in the sense of reinforcing the action in itself even the vicious circle is virtuous, because it results in more of the same action and therefore reinforces it. So why does help never get to those who need it most? I’ll explain by demonstrating the principles of the two opposing reinforcing feedback loops on a few examples.